Strategies for providing access to distance
Moodle-based learning in learner-centered education
Life makes unexpected adjustments and forces everyone
to urgently master digital tools and new pedagogical approaches and methods.
One of the types of hybrid learning is the synchronous-asynchronous approach.
The slogan of modern education has become the statement that the role of the
student is shifting from the role of learning, the role of acquiring, the
passive recipient of knowledge to the role of participation: changing how
students should participate in the educational process. Moodle-based distance
courses in English for Special Purposes (ESP) also show such a shift.
The purpose of the article is to present arguments in
favor of using the Moodle distance learning platform for digital
synchronous-asynchronous university education and to list strategies for
providing learner-centered access to Moodle-based distance learning.
Results and discussion
The development of an electronic course involves the
joint activity of group-mates and a teacher-instructor, who share a large
number of projects and tasks, which are influenced by the above idea of
changing the roles of students and teachers in education. Working with others
to develop a deeper understanding is a central part of collaborative learning[1-5].
As you know, the synchronous mode of distance learning
involves the interaction of students and the teacher, when everyone is
connected to the electronic educational space at the same time. In our case,
real-time training is carried out using the chosen communication tool - the
Moodle distance learning platform.
Asynchronous learning is a more independent type of learning
when the interaction between subjects in the educational space does not occur
simultaneously. The so-called self-paced option allows students to choose the
most convenient time to complete distance course tasks on the Moodle platform.
Thus, learning takes place online using the Moodle platform, the messaging
capabilities of both Moodle and email, forums, social networks, etc.
We consider it very convenient to use the Moodle
platform for such a pedagogical approach, as it provides numerous opportunities,
diversifies methodological approaches, and objectifies results.
The capabilities of the Moodle remote platform allow
you to provide 24/7 access to educational material and open exercises on all
topics developed by our teachers in their author's courses, specially designed
for student specialization, year of study, purpose, etc.
An asynchronous approach allows for the inclusion of
educational material in electronic form in online availability for applicants.
Important conditions are the provision of methodological
instructions for students in the electronic course for each topic and type of
work before passing.
In order to maintain constant contact with students,
it is important to maintain an announcements section at all times, including
current news along with announcements via corporate mail, etc.
A student-centered practice requires, as you know, the
provision of practice opportunities according to the student's requests and
needs. So, for example, for students studying at the Department of foreign languages,
educational materials are downloaded online, which makes it possible to perform
open tasks for topics. Closed thematic tests and final tests, which require the
presence of a teacher, are performed in a synchronous format with visual
control in Google Meet.
Thus, based on the chosen strategies for providing
access to distance Moodle-based learning in learner-centered education, we provide
a synchronous-asynchronous format within a student-centered approach using
Moodle that includes:
- synchronous classes according to the schedule using
-downloaded educational materials are available on the
Internet 24 hours a day
-methodical step-by-step instructions for students
- actual announcements
- the possibility of working out according to the
wishes and needs of the applicants
-final tests that require the presence of a teacher,
which are available upon request.
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